With the change in times and life style, the parameters of social work have also undergone change. It has more or less taken shape of an organized sector and is an industry in it self. Various guidelines have been defined for social works and statutory powers have been given to people in this sector to ensure expedite and effective services to the community they cater to.
Case work is the method by which individual persons and families are assisted. The person in need of casework may be physically, mentally, or socially handicapped. People who are either unemployed, homeless, members of broken families, alcoholics, drug addicts, and neglected or problem children are catered to under this method. In this case it is imperative for a social worker to fathom the root cause of the problem, individual psychology as well as the sociology of the community. Experts from various fields like medical and other specialists are commonly required to contribute towards this method.
Social group work is a relatively newer concept in social work, which includes establishing social settlements, building playgrounds, gymnasiums, schools etc. This method involves extensive participation of various authorities It also involves voluntarily services of public groups. In many incidents people living in poverty areas have been encouraged and employed to work in and direct poverty projects in their own communities.
In community organization the welfare work of single agencies as well as of whole
communities is directed, cooperation between public and private agencies is secured, and
funds are raised and administered. The funds are often pooled in a community chest, from which private agencies receive a share. Community welfare councils are organized to map programs of rehabilitation, to eliminate duplication of services, and to discover and meet overlooked needs.
The primary mission of social work is to better human well-being and help meet the basic human needs of all people, with particular attention to the needs and
empowerment of people who are vulnerable, oppressed, and living in poverty. In this context a social worker carries out the task of promoting social justice and social change.
With a comprehensive knowledge of the community, social setup, its specific requirements, resources available and a foresight of achievable solutions to various problems social workers strive to end discrimination, oppression, poverty, and other forms of social injustice.
Various activities which a social worker may apply or organize to achieve the set objectives may include community organizing, supervision, consultation, administration, advocacy, social and political action, policy development and implementation, education, and research and evaluation.
Apart from assisting people in finding a solution to their problems social workers also seek to enhance the capacity of people to address their own needs. They also shoulder the responsibility of promoting