Hepburn, Stephanie & Rita J. Simon. “Hidden in Plain Sight: Human Trafficking in the United States”, Gender Issues, vol.27, (2010), pp.1-26.
In this article, Hepburn & Simon (2010) describe the characteristics of human trafficking from a global perspective and the efforts being undertaken by U.S. officials (and abroad) to curb its growing presence across the world. Human sex trafficking earns annual profits of $44.3 billion, consisting of 56 percent women and girls and 44 percent men and boys who are exploited for sexual purposes (Hepburn & Simon, 2). In order to ensure compliance, those who are exploited are threatened with physical harm, have their visas revoked (as many are foreign citizens outside of the U.S.), and even offering threats against their family members (Hepburn & Simon, 19). Both of the authors are graduates of reputable law-related universities and have considerable knowledge regarding the sex trafficking industry that is supported by previous research studies and statistical data provided by the U.S. House of Representatives. The intended audience is the general citizen, offering an informational breakdown of the industry to inform the public about the dangers of sex trafficking here in the United States and abroad.
This source is relevant because of the predatory nature of sex traffickers and their emboldened efforts to recruit people in public places, such as shopping malls and grocery stores (Hepburn & Simon, 9)....
It was identified in the symposium that race, gender and social class dictated the type of treatment sex workers and advocacy received from policing forces (Alsgaard, 200). The article describes certain types of bias that exist in policing efforts, such as arresting trans-gendered prostitutes, using them for sex purposes, and then still taking them to jail for their crimes (Alsgaard, 201). This type of discriminatory bias pervades the quality of legal and policing representation for certain sex workers and undermines the legislation put in place to protect rights and also serve the general public. This article was interesting as it identified that many people in the sex trade are highly-competent speakers with considerable intellectualism in their language structure (Alsgaard, 1999). This somewhat goes against the social perception about sex workers as they offered honest testimonies about their experiences in the profession or as advocates of the sex services. It is an unbiased delivery of testimonials from key speakers that identified that many in this industry actually enjoy their profession and want it decriminalized. This has improved personal understanding about issues such as prostitution as there are many in the trade that value its income and feel suppressed by unfair legislation, especially when corrupted systems are driving policing efforts. Holman, Melissa. “The Modern Day Slave Trade: How the United States should Alter the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act in Order to Combat International Sex Trafficking More Effectively”, Texas International Law Journal, vol.44, (2009), pp.99-121. This article describes the nature of sex trafficking, statistically, in terms of how many people are forced into this exploitation each year.