(Crompton, 1998, p. 1) The paper attempts to analyze the different perspectives of social class.
Apart from the stratification explained above, there is a second view of inequality wherein it is considered as divine structure of society. For example in India there is Hindu caste system. In this system the people of lower castes face many restrictions as they are thought to be ineligible to mix with the higher caste. Thus caste system also gives rise to social inequality. (Crompton, 1998, p. 2) There is also material inequality, which is justified as divine law. It was considered natural that the “best” should be getting the major rewards of the society. Western Europe was basically a rural society from ninth century onwards, where the social status of an individual was determined by the amount of land he owns and the church mainly controlled it. The church had the benefit of both economic and moral strength. The preaching of the church was that God gave land so that people can live on the earth for achieving eternal salvation. The church’s view was that one should not seek for riches as that is considered as greed and poverty is thought to be divine. (Crompton, 1998, p.2)
In primitive society, concentration of wealth in the hands of few was contributed to social stratification. Throughout the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, capitalism developed in the Western Europe and in most other parts of the world. The advent of capitalism paved the way for modern society in which the traditional explanations of social inequality were faced with criticisms. (Crompton, 1998, pp.2,3) The concept of inequality due to birth was opposed with the justification that every human being on earth is born equal. This gave rise to explanation of inequality from social perspective. The question arose that if equality is considered as natural condition of human