The extensity of capitalism is ensured through the dependence laborers have on the capitalist system. This paper provides a discussion of social alienation in the light of Marx own understanding of modern capitalism.
According to Marx, modern capitalism is being propelled by the ever increasing forces of science, technology and industry. He further asserts that, through the advancement in the fields of science and technology, better machines are developed and in the process human labor is lead to starvation, since its need is always decreasing. Through that act, wealth and resources are trapped by the capitalists, while the laborers or workers left with nothing. Social alienation according to Marxism depicts human’s role in the process of propelling the principles of modern capitalism. Social alienation also proves that certain features of the society are not just independent or natural, but rather are developments of past capitalist principles. Marx uses social alienation to describe how past practices have contributed to modern capitalism and how the current practices will further develop capitalism in the coming future (Marx 25).
Marx’s materialistic theory is applied to help in understanding the extent to which the society has shaped human beings. Furthermore, the theory can be applied to show how human beings themselves are capable of changing their society. The material world waters the roots of social alienation. Marx exemplifies social alienation from the perspective of human nature. Human nature is not independent of the society’s influence. The idea of humans satisfying their needs through seeking labor is only embedded in the mind and should not be finality in ensuring human existence. The extent to which humans can create labor should not be limited to the mind or consciousness. Nature reshapes human