The idea was inspired by Freenets in the U.S. and the initial software was also purchased from a Freenet in the U.S. The major objective behind the creation of the technology was to make it accessible to "everybody". This, however, required the technology and its design to be extremely user-friendly in order to accommodate computer illiterates as well. This very need induced and highlighted the high level of user consideration in system design. Serious efforts were made towards achievement of maximum public accessibility. Public access Terminals were installed in a variety of public locations to make the city accessible to the masses and "everybody". The initial interface of the system was DOS based and a helpdesk was also set up to provide telephonic support to the users. City metaphor was used in this first interface to further enhance easy usage. This was later called DDS 1.0 when next interfaces were implemented. However, the initiators and policymakers played an important role in constructing user images and representations that were central to the design of this system. They, idealistically, created a varied set of user representations that were rather abstract in the definition of "everybody". This definition was central to the teams of designers that subsequently worked on DDS 2.0 and DDS 3.0. Although the team behind DDS aimed to make this city accessible to everybody, the end-users were not central kages into the original software to achieve these additional functionalities, and, consequently, made the whole interface far more complicated to use. Further, the initiators of DDS got motivated by innovation rather than user-friendliness of the technology during the design of DDS 2.0. The key concepts of this phase turned into "experimenting" and "turning Amsterdam into the innovative city". They became interested in making this city a trendsetter for further development of digital cities elsewhere in the Netherlands. This shift in orientation from original objectives had the drastic impact on the design of this second interface. Graphic interface was introduced in place of the textual interface to include the additional functionalities. The new interface posed serious problems to the accessibility of the system. To use this new interface, the users required the considerable amount of hardware and a special software. The accessibility of DDS was further hampered and reduced by gradual removal of public access terminals in view of high maintenance costs and complaints from the institutions where they were placed regarding the kind of people they attracted. During the period, the DDS team supported the action on the grounds that old public terminals were damaging the innovative and developmental image of DDS. This shows the shift in goals from democratic and public-oriented to innovative and more commercial. Thus, DDS became accessible to only those who owned a computer and requisite technology package. This major change in ideology and relevant goals came, primarily, through a miscalculation on the part of designers. Rather than allowing end-users to participate in and guide the design process of this public city, they assumed to base the user preferences on their own.
A paper "Development of DDS: Predominant Ideology" reports that DDS aimed to achieve democratic incentives through the creation of a “sense of community” among people and inducing political discussions based on information sharing by the Government…
Customer Inserts His/her Name Customer Inserts Tutor’s Name Customer Inserts Grade Course Writer Inserts Date Here (Day, Month, Year) Definition essay on Ideology The word Ideology can be generally defined as ‘a system of ideas that explains and lends legitimacy to actions and beliefs of a social, religious, political, or corporate entity.’ Different philosophers and ideologists have defined the term in different manner, like: 1.
If a society comes up with ideas to-do something and an agreement is made, then that is what is termed as ideology. Ideology may either offer changes in the society or offer closeness where confrontations exist. Ideology can exist in many ways, one as an instrument of social reproduction.
A commendable number of social policies address social inequalities among the society’s members. Such inequalities include those related to class, race and gender. Social policies, therefore, serve as collective response to discuss societal concerns. Social policy concerns emerge with changes and reforms in the society (Ken & Edwin, 2007, p.
It was an initiative of retired administrators of school districts that saw the need of assisting small school districts with administrative support especially those with limited staffs dealing and specialized problems on the administration. The DSS consulting plays a fundamental role in facilitating duties such as setting up with a reliable and effective procurement system along with assisting in negotiation on labor agreements.
I perceive that I am biologically a woman, but the assumptions I then make that certain roles and relations are more suitable for me than others is the result of my having been socialised into the dominant ideology of my society. My assumptions, and the socialisation of which they are a function, are unconscious because of the invisible nature of ideology itself.
A very comprehensive definition that clearly explains the term political ideology is given by Eatwell and Wright which states “a political ideology is a relatively coherent set of empirical and normative beliefs and thought, focussing on the problems of
Individuals who hold these views usually look down on other people and their countries, see them as inferior and should bow down in their presence. A key example of such an individual is Adolf Hitler. He was the chancellor of Germany from 1934 to 1945. He believed in
As a linguistics teacher, I have experienced a lot of prejudice from the school administration. I got to this stance after doing survey and noticing the manner in which people are not appreciative of the teaching
Ultimately, many individuals have wrongly been accused of anti-Semitism merely for indicating that the Israel lobby has a disproportionate level of influence with respect to the way in which the laws of the United States are crafted. This is
7 pages (1750 words)Research Paper
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