In both cultures, the art of sarcophagi was used for burial. In Roman, it was made from lead, stone or wood. Marble was used for lavish sarcophagus. The practice of sarcophagi was acquired by Romans in the second century from Etruscans and Greeks who had long been using it. This document has been split in different parts including history of roman sarcophagi, significance of various events, and artistic work on the sarcophagus so as to achieve the purpose of this document.
A Roman sarcophagus was not developed until the commencement of the second century A.D. Sarcophagi was used in occasions of funeral. They were named according to the prominent figures deceased. Some of the renowned sarcophagi include the Adonis’s sarcophagus, Endymion’s sarcophagus, among others.
Adonis’s sarcophagus was inspired by the Adonis’s tale. There are numerous literatures on the Adonis’s tale. According to UC E-Book Collection (2011), most of this briefing of the tale comprises the Ovid’s work of Metamorphoses. The tale is about the prohibited act of the father, King Cinyras, unknowingly slept with his daughter, Myrrha. Myrrha was obsessed with her father to the extent of tricking him into drunkenness and under cover of darkness, had him sleep with her. In need of knowing his partner, he lighted his bed to discover it was her blood daughter. Enraged with no other option, he chased her from the palace (UC E-Book Collection, 2011). She pleaded with gods to take her from both life and death. Her wish was granted and she transformed into a myrrh tree. The inevitable consequence of the illicit act, led to the birth of the son Adonis from this tree.
It produced the goddess Aphrodite, adores Adonis and allowed him in heaven and made him her companion. Even Persephone- the other angle- succumbed to his charm and consequently was intervened by the Jupiter by invoking the law of annual cycle where the Adonis oscillated between upper and lower realms and each