The process involved has a general rule of defining a question or phenomenon and collecting information about it. It then searches for patterns in the information and give an interim explanation known as hypothesis. The hypothesis is then interpreted and the outcome published. The result of the process is known as a theory (Ziman, 2000). This paper will apply this process to discuss breastfeeding in public.
The matter of breastfeeding in public has received arguments both in its favor and against it. Some jurisdictions forbid it, some do not address it in their laws while others grant legal rights for the workplace and public areas (Hausman, 2003). Incidents have been reported of premises owners or the people present forbidding breastfeeding and harassing those doing it (Hausman, 2003). Cultural prominence in some parts of the world regarding the human breast’s sexuality has risen above its nutritional function. This has driven such communities to create cultural barriers to mothers breastfeeding their children in public. They claim public breastfeeding is offensive, inappropriate and violates decency policies by exposing people within the vicinity to a mother’s naked parts (Hausman, 2003). An example of such culture is found in the United States. The work environments also do not meet or support the requirements of breastfeeding mothers. The situation is made more complex by lack of national laws that compel employers to offer lactation support (Palmer, 2009). The public, family and mothers have become uncomfortable with the breast’s exposure during breastfeeding. The hypothesis in this discussion may be that family and partners need to encourage breastfeeding mothers to do it on a need basis, regardless of whether they are in the confines of their homes or in public (Wiessinger, West & Pitman, 2010). They may also be encouraged to use nursing covers to conceal their